Broward Ferret Rescue

Note: Consult with your vet if your ferret is acting unusual! While you are "the first line of defense" for your pet's health, a trained professional can help ascertain what the combination of symptoms may mean. A vet, not your spouse, best friend, other ferret owner, or the local shelter, is the BEST QUALIFIED person to advise you if your animal needs immediate veterinary attention. Please be advised this listing is by no means exhaustive!

EYES      
Bulging or swollen eyes------------------ Glaucoma      
Runny or watery eyes---------------------Allergy, cold      
Pus --------------------------------------------Conjunctivitis      
Brown crusting------------------------------Distemper      
White spot or "disk" in eye/s ----------- Cataract      
Blindness ------------------------------------Cataract

MOUTH      
Pale gums-----------------------------------Anemia, low blood pressure      
Red, sore or bleeding gums----------- Tarter buildup; gingivitis      
Bluish gray gums-------------------------- Lack of Oxygen      
Blackened teeth ---------------------------Dead tooth      
Dark or stained teeth --------------------Age, tetracycline as kit      
Rash on chin and lips--------------------Distemper      
Drooling--------------------------------------Insulinoma, seizure; poison     
Clenched teeth ----------------------------Insulinoma, seizure      
Scratching at mouth--------------------- Broken tooth, nausea      
Vomiting ------------------------------------Foreign body, ulcers, ECE; hairballs; poison      
Vomiting blood ----------------------------Internal hemorrhage      
Panting--------------------------------------Heat stroke; severe pain; insulinoma seizure 

NOSE
Sore on Nose -----------------------------Infection      
Runny nose, sneezing ------------------Runny nose, sneezing      
Short, broken whiskers------------------Poor nutrition, ill health      
Dark pink or red --------------------------Insulinoma, seizure
Bright red ----------------------------------Hypothermia (heat stroke) 

EARS    
Black inside---------------------------------Excessive dirt      
Black inside, itching ----------------------Mites      
Yellow ----------------------------------------Hepatitis     
Bad smell -----------------------------------Excessive dirt; yeast-type infection      
Growth --------------------------------------Tumor; infected bite      
Loss of hair on ears ---------------------Another ferret chewing on them      
Deafness -----------------------------------Congenital, Wardenburg's Syndrome (panda pattern); infection 

PAWS       
"Splayed" feet----------------------------- Housed on wire      
Hair loss-------------------------------------Age, adrenal disease      
Dry pads ------------------------------------Clay litter      
Dark pink pads---------------------------- Insulinoma, seizure      
Bright red pads----------------------------Hyperthermia (heat stroke)      
Rough, thickened pads -----------------Distemper      
Roughened, scratched pads ----------Lost outside for significant period; housed outdoors/dirt/cement      
Long quick ---------------------------------Not regularly clipped     
Nail torn out -------------------------------Caught on bedding; on cage wire      
Curled toes --------------------------------Age, weak hindquarters Legs       
Limping -------------------------------------Stepped on      
Staggering ---------------------------------Insulinoma; stroke; ear infection      
Stiffness ------------------------------------Arthritis; age; over-caged      
Weakness in hindquarters-------------Age; arthritis; low blood sugar; general illness 

TAIL
Kinked----------------------------------------Previously broken; birth defect      
Lump at end -------------------------------Chondromas      
Black spots---------------------------------Blackheads      
Hair loss ------------------------------------Blackheads; age; adrenal disease 
Fur & Skin        
Dry -------------------------------------------Sleeping in litter; poor nutrition; age; general illness      
Black spots --------------------------------Flea dirt      
Fur falling out -----------------------------Seasonal coat change; poor nutrition; stress; flea allergy      
Guard hair sparse -----------------------Regrowth of coat      
Thinning -----------------------------------Age; unnatural light cycle; adrenal disease; in heat or rut      
Pattern Loss: base of tail, side ------Adrenal disease                           
Along side back -------------------------Adrenal disease                               
"Graying" ----------------------------------Natural silvering pattern; age     
Flaking skin -------------------------------Flea dermatitis; poor nutrition; allergies; over-shampooing      
Yellowed -----------------------------------Hepatitis      
Reddened, rough skin----------------- Allergies; fleas; sunburn; bites from others      
"Pinched" skin stays pinched --------Dehydration      
Wart-like growths -----------------------Skin tumors      
Dark brown or black "moles" ---------Ticks     
"Puffy," inflamed areas ----------------Abscess      
Sore slow to heal -----------------------Diabetes; adrenal disease; cancer 
Lungs
Coughing ---------------------------------Cold, heart disease; lymphosarcoma      
Wheezing --------------------------------Allergy; heart disease; pneumonia 
Rapid breathing ------------------------Heat stroke; pain      
Difficult breathing ----------------------Heart disease; pneumonia; lymphosarcoma; heartworm Stomach/Spleen        
Stomach distension -------------------Intestinal blockage; heart disease; poison; internal tumor      

"Lopsided" abdomen ------------------Enlarged spleen      
Hardened area along abdomen ----Enlarged spleen      
Anorexia ----------------------------------Stomach or mouth ulcers; ECE 

URINATION/DEFICATION      
Male "dribbling" or crying Urinary------------tract blockage; bladder stones; kidney infection; adrenal disease      
"Sand" in urine----------------------------------- Bladder stones      
Heavy urination &/or excessive thirst-------Diabetes; kidney infection      
Inability to urinate -------------------------------Kidney failure; blockage      
Inability to defecate ----------------------------Internal blockage      
Diarrhea ------------------------------------------Dairy products; food allergies; stress; coccidia; camphobacter     
Green diarrhea ----------------------------------Upset stomach; stress; ECE      
Dark, tarry stool --------------------------------Too many raisins; bleeding      
Blood in stool-------------------------------------Internal hemorrhage, cancer      
Fabric or odd objects in stool---------------- Eating fabric or toys     
Frequent, small stool --------------------------Poor rectal muscles     
Protrusion from anus---------------------------Rectal prolapse      
Draining area near anus ---------------------Anal gland impaction 

REPRODUCTIVE ORGANS
Bleeding penis -------------------------------Caught on something      
Growth on penis -----------------------------Tumor "Dragging" penis across things Territorial marking; adrenal disease      
Swollen vulva ---------------------------------In heat; leftover ovarian tissue; adrenal disease      
Pus or discharge from vulva --------------Infection; adrenal disease 

OVERALL BODY    
Temperature over 103-----------------------Fever      
Temperature under 95 ----------------------Hypothermia; serious illness     
Severe anemia -------------------------------Lengthy heat cycle; internal tumor; severely enlarged spleen      
Limp upon awakening ----------------------Baby sleep; low blood sugar; insulinoma      
Comatose -------------------------------------Insulinoma; stroke      
Uncontrollable shivers/tremors ----------Shock; poison      
Convulsions ----------------------------------Insulinoma seizure; epilepsy; poison; shock     
Wasting ---------------------------------------Cancer; age; internal blockage; internal parasite      
Enlarged lymph nodes --------------------Infection; cold/flu; lymphosarcoma     
Blood sugar level under 80 --------------Anorexia; insulinoma 

BEHAVIORAL 
Fainting -----------------------------------------Insulinoma      
Lethargy ----------------------------------------Anemia; low glucose; age; heart disease; illness      
"Listing " to one side ------------------------Ear infection; mites; stroke      
Walking in circles ----------------------------Stroke     
Excessive grooming ------------------------Stress; adrenal disease     
Biting when startled -------------------------Blind; deaf      
Biting other ferrets ---------------------------Blind; dominance issues 
Hopping & leaping —————————PLAYING!

COMMON SYMPTOMS AND POSSIBLE CAUSES